Small guide to wood finishes
The woodworking industry is very wide, and can understand small and large companies. On the one hand we find activities that taste still “rustic” and artisanal, few artisans working on custom-made products and in small lots, and another we have decidedly more industrial processing, which operate on a large number of scale, with processes Automated and computerized. Obviously the types of processing can be very similar – however, the same processing can be made in different ways.
A fundamental work to give a unique aspect to wood, especially if intended for certain applications (for example in the world of furniture, furniture and complements) is what concerns the many different finishes that can be applied. These are very important to look nice to the wooden element, but also to make it more practical and resistant over time, making sure that its properties are maintained, without growing old, but indeed, improving.
Which wood finishes exist?
There are so many types of finishes that can be performed on wood elements – rough or, above all, semi-finished – to allow the industry or the craftsman to obtain a professional, quality, optimally finished and ready to be used to be used or sold. Among the various wood finishes, we find for example:
- Polishing, an even defined process of “superfinishing”, often associated with large-scale production machinery for a high gloss finish of the panels. It is a frequent finish in the furnishing world and appliances;
- Brushing: finish that improves the surface of the wood, highlights the plot and veins. It is often a complementary process to others, such as painting or painting;
- Structuring wood or Morerca: Rusticatura is a process of woodcut of wood (generally obtained by rigid brushes that remove the most superficial and soft part of the material) which serves to give a good vintage and antique-looking appearance. Morching is the equivalent of rusticulture, but is generally performed by the product almost finished;
- Sanding: Process needed and fundamental for all those who work wood in a professional way and which is preparatory for many other processes and finishes (especially in the realization of finished products such as furniture, tables, frames). The sanding serves to eliminate the irregularities of wood, bringing back its natural veins;
- Edge finishing: useful to obtain the true essence of the surface. This process can be complementary to some other processes such as milling (both as shaping of the profile and as canceling the edges), the sanding with abrasive tape, brushing with abrasive wheels or brushes and, finally, any polishing.
Other types of finish
Of course there are other kind of woodworking, finishes that are often performed in a manually manner, and that can have a taste still crafted, designed to finish and embellish the finished product. They are in fact processing that take place at times after those we have seen previously. Among these, we can quote:
- Oiling: The wood oil finish is an alternative to polishing, and serves to make furniture or furnishing elements bright, brilliant and shiny;
- Waxing: it is a very delicate superficial treatment, which can replace the paint to give shine with carved or porous woods;
- Coating: finish that gives the furniture (or panel) the right color shade, which is spread, often with a brush, on the surface, from which the excess is then removed;
- Lacquering: very special finish of the wood (of ancient tradition) with which the lacquer is used, a type of particular paint that can or may not let the natural veins glimpse;
- Painting: one of the latest finishes that serves to give the panel or the wooden product the right color shade.
The importance of always having the right machine available
These types of wood finishes can make an important aesthetic and functional effect to the panel and the finished product – are therefore processing that, at a professional level (independently from the size of the company) must be carried out with the utmost attention and precision, taking advantage of the right machinery thought and designed specifically for these finishes. Precisely to ensure the best possible result to artisans and industries, it offers a wide range of machinery for woodworking, processing, accurate and that always ensure the best quality of processing.